TRAVEL BANS

INTRO

The Trump administration issued a series of executive actions aimed at restricting entry of certain groups into the United States. The following is an overview. For more information, please refer to the resources listed below.

October 24, 2017

EXECUTIVE ORDER 13815: RESUMING THE UNITED STATES REFUGEE ADMISSIONS PROGRAM WITH ENHANCED VETTING CAPABILITIES, “TRAVEL BAN 4.0”

President Trump issued Travel Ban 4.0 to resume the refugee admissions program with enhanced screening for certain groups on the day that the 120-day refugee suspension, as set out in Travel Ban 2.0, expired. A Washington federal district court later issued a preliminary injunction protecting refugees with a bona fide relationship to a person or entity within the United States. The remainder of Travel Ban 4.0 currently remains in effect, pending review.

October 23, 2017

MEMORANDUM: RESUMING THE UNITED STATES REFUGEE ADMISSIONS PROGRAM WITH ENHANCED VETTING CAPABILITIES

The Department of State, the Department of Homeland Security, and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence issued an unclassified memorandum to President Trump recommending the resumption of refugee admissions, but with heightened scrutiny regarding refugees from eleven countries and “following-to-join” refugees, pending the implementation of new vetting procedures to be determined by the aforementioned agencies.

October 24, 2017

PRESIDENTIAL PROCLAMATION 9645, “TRAVEL BAN 3.0”

Issued on the day that the 90-day entry restrictions contained in Travel Ban 2.0 were set to expire, Travel Ban 3.0 restricts entry into the U.S. from Chad, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Syria, Venezuela, and Yemen. The Supreme Court allowed the ban to go into full effect, pending legal challenges. The Trump administration filed a petition for certiorari, asking the United States Supreme Court to hear the case; the petition was granted on January 19, 2018. The entirety of Travel Ban 3.0 currently remains in effect, pending review.

March 6, 2017

EXECUTIVE ORDER 13780: PROTECTING THE NATION FROM FOREIGN TERRORIST ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES, “TRAVEL BAN 2.0”

President Trump issued Travel Ban 2.0, which limited travel to the U.S. from certain countries and by all refugees who did not possess either a visa or valid travel documents; suspended the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program for 120 days; restricted admission and halted new visa applications of citizens from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen for 90 days; and suspended admission of refugees for 120 days. Later modified by Presidential Proclamation 9645.

January 27, 2017

EXECUTIVE ORDER 13769: PROTECTING THE NATION FROM FOREIGN TERRORIST ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES, “TRAVEL BAN 1.0”

The Trump administration issued the first of the travel bans, which barred entry to the U.S. from persons from Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen for 90 days; refugees from any country other than Syria were barred for 120 days; refugees from Syria were barred indefinitely; and the cap for refugee admissions for 2017 was lowered from 110,000 to 50,000. Later revoked and replaced by Travel Ban 2.0

RESOURCES

Presidential Executive Order on Resuming the United States Refugee Admissions Program with Enhanced Vetting Capabilities

Resuming the United States Refugee Admissions Program with Enhanced Vetting Capabilities

Presidential Proclamation Enhancing Vetting Capabilities and Processes for Detecting Attempted Entry Into the United States by Terrorists or Other Public-Safety Threats

Executive Order Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into The United States

Overview of “Travel Ban” Litigation and Recent Developments

Immigration After The Election

American Immigration Council

National Immigration Law Center

Immigration Impact